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The Arya Samaj is a Hindu reform movement. Founded in 1875 by Swami Dayananda Saraswati (1825–83), it appealed to the authority of the Vedas(sacred texts) in support of programmes of social reform and education. Its supporters, such as Lala Rajpat Rai, were prominent in political movements opposed to British rule, and their activities aggravated Hindu relations with Sikhs and Muslims.


This organization believed that the Hindu/Indian society was different than it was suppose to be according to the Hindu holy books. They opposed idolatry and the monopoly Brahman priest had over Hinduism. They supported giving education to all including women and the untouchables. They even established schools all over India. They were for equal rights between men and women. This organization wanted to change the Indian society into a more open and equal society, but their slogan was not modernizing India or westernizing India instead it was 'back to the Vedas'.

 This organization's aims were social and religious reforms in the Hindu society. This organization tried to establish Hindu pride among the Hindus. Because of its references to the Hindureligion this organization attracted only Hindus in India but it deterred Muslims and also secular Hindus. Later on in India's history the ideas expressed by this organization inspired manyIndian nationalist leaders, who, for some period, were also the dominant leaders in the Indian National Congress. It also inspired establishing Hindu nationalist parties outside the Indian National Congress.